Archive for ETFs

Renewable Energy (and other) ETFs

I’ve published an updated run-down of Clean Energy Exchange Traded Funds, as well as a look at those clean energy ETFs which have Exchange Traded options on them (and why you might care.)

On the subject of ETFs, I was shocked when I took a closer look at Doubleshort and Ultra ETFs, and this led me to do a couple reshuffles of ETFs in my portfolio.

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Updated Alternative Energy Investing for Beginners

New Alternative energy Mutual Funds and ETFs have been popping up like mushrooms after a rainstorm, so I’ve updated my previous Introduction to Investing In Renewable Energy, whith a new one which also considers the new ETFs CELS and GEX.

As it turns out, I like some of the new options.

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Renewable Energy Mutual Funds

I’m travelling this week (and have had the opportunity to use the energy-efficient train system in the Northeast,) so my column for Alternative Energy Stocks was written ahead of time and saved for a busy day. It’s a run-down of the available renewable or alternative energy mutual funds and ETFs, and a cost analysis of when it makes the most sense to use each.

Click here for a comparison of renewable/alternative energy mutual funds.

(Update: the above link was broken when I first posted it. It’s now fixed. Sorry.)

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My Thoughts on Analysts: Doug Casey

I first encountered Doug Casey at the 2004 World Gold, PGM, & Diamond Conference in Vancouver.  Around a year before, I became convinced that we were in the early stages of a Gold bull market, partly based on the arguments of Richard Russell, and partly based on my own conviction that people would come to see the world as an increasingly uncertain place in the years to come (a process which, in my opinion, has much farther to go.)  I was dissatisfied with Russell’s picks (his top pick for a gold mining company was Newmont, based on the fact that it was the largest gold company at the time.  NEM has risen about 20% in the three and a half years since Russell first brought it to my attention, which is an uninspiring performance, considering that gold has risen about 70% over the same period.  As I’ve said before, Russell isn’t much of a stock picker… he just has an incredible feel for market and sector moves.) 

I also have some serious reservations about Gold mining, because of its serious environmental impacts.  This was before it was possible to buy precious metals in the form of ETFs such as IAU, GLD, or SLV, and so I was looking for an analyst who understood mining companies, and might also be able to point me towards companies that mine precious metals relatively responsibly.  No one at the conference was talking about environmental responsibility, but two of the analysts whose talks I attended stood out as having an understanding of how mining companies and the precious metals industry work.  Those two were Paul van Eeden and Doug Casey.  

Casey in particular caught my attention because he was a big proponent of a type of company he refers to as “Land Banks:” these are companies which do not have any actual mining operations, but rather buy up mineral rights that have already proven.  They hold these mineral rights, doing only exploratory drilling to further prove out their reserves as a speculation on rising prices.  While the intent is always that they will eventually sell the mineral rights to other mining companies, since they are not engaging in current mining operations, they are less harmful to the environment than companies that actually dig the stuff out of the ground.  Silver Standard, SSRI was the company that invented this model buy buying up cheap rights to silver deposits when the metal was cheap in the late 1980s and 1990s, while Vista Gold, VGZ is following in SSRI’s footsteps by investing in gold deposits.  Robert Quartermain, the president of Silver Standard serves on Vista’s board.  (Note: I and some of my clients hold substantial positions in both stocks.)

Casey is not interested in the land banks because his is an environmentalist (quite the opposite, see below), but because he recognizes that, if you believe that gold (and silver) are “Going to the moon” as he says, then the built in leverage of owning metal in the ground can make more sense than digging the metal up and selling it while the price is still rising.

After the conference, I bought a 2 year subscription to Casey’sInternational Speculator newsletter (for $299… I note that the price has since risen along with gold.)   Here are a few of my conclusions:

  • He knows the world of junior mining companies backwards and forwards.   Small start up companies are always the most fertile ground for a company analyst, because less is known about them, and because few investors are paying attention, it is much easier to find information or come to conclusions about a company that are not widely recognized by the investing public.  His picks among the large and medium cap companies don’t seem any better than anyone else’s, but his picks among the small and medium cap miners have been excellent.
  • His 7 P’s framework for evaluating resource stocks is an excellent framework for organizing the relevant information about a company.  I have adopted a modified version which I use to evaluate renewable energy and energy efficiency companies.
  • He takes libertarianism to an extreme.  “Wacko” is a word that comes to mind.  But being crazy and being intelligent are not mutually exclusive; in fact, they often seem to go hand in hand.  In my opinion, that’s the case with Casey. 
  • Enough people follow his newsletter that it often was not a good idea to buy a stock right after he recommended it.  I had my best results by waiting a while and buying them a month or two later, if they had not just kept on rising.  For big spenders who want to seriously speculate in resource stocks, the Casey Investment Alert would likely be worth the money, given that they had a few hundred thousand dollars with which to speculate.  For myself, I’m very tight with my money, and I was more interested in understanding his methods than following his advice.  Of the stocks I did buy on pullbacks after he had recommended them, about half have more than doubled, another third are roughly flat, and the rest are down… which works out to be excellent average returns.
  • The only stock of his (other than Vista and Silver Standard) that I made a large investment in was Nevada Geothermal (which I still own… I even bought some more recently, and have recommended it to clients.)  It’s only up slightly since I first bought it, but since it is a renewable energy company, I’m happy to hold it for the long haul.  I’ve also heard some good things about it from other sources.

I did not renew my Speculator subscription when it lapsed last summer, mainly because I feel that while the precious metals bull market is likely to continue, the risks are much greater than they were when I first started allocating money to the sector.  I am currently slowly reducing my exposure to precious metals, although I still recommend small investments in precious metals (via the GLD, SLV, VGZ, and SSRI) to my less conservative clients.  I also like Rio Tinto for a general exposure to metals, because, in my opinion, RTP the most environmentally responsible miner out there.   I note that the main page of their website says “Rio Tinto supports the main conclusions of the UK’s Stern Review on the economics of climate change.”  (Again, some clients and I have positions in RTP.)

Back to Casey, after my International Speculator subscription lapsed, I signed up for his free newsletter What We Now Know (WWNK).  Naturally, there aren’t stock tips in WWNK, but I wanted to keep an eye on what Casey thought about the markets and world events in general.  WWNK is a lot more of a political tract than the Speculator (although he often had some rather scathing things to say about the US government, and I could not help but be amused at the way he refers to US citizens as Boobus Americanus.) 

Casey does not write much of WWNK, but I’m confident that the people who do are on the same wavelength.  The underlying message is that any sort of regulation is evil, an attitude which is unsurprising in an investor in mining companies.  As Jared Diamond outlines in his excellent book Collapse, gold mining companies usually leave environmental problems behind them that are much more costly to clean up than all the profits they ever make from selling their product.  Since Casey primarily analyzes and invests in mining companies, it’s no real surprise that he’s hostile to regulation, since real regulation would bankrupt most of his babies.

Unlike my previous entries in this series, I was prompted to write this entry in response to an article in WWNKDoug Hornig wrote a diatribe in an attempt to contradict the arguments for global warming.  It’s the usual stuff… “temperatures have not gone up that much”  “there have been previous periods of warming” “evidence for past temperatures is all indirect”… all attempts to muddy the waters, and no mention at all of the massive increase in the main driver of global warming: atmospheric CO2.  I’m not going to bother to deal with all his points… it’s not really a serious fact-based argument, rather a litany of the reasons (some real, some imagined) why there is some doubt about the reality or consequences of global warming, and, as such, just an exercise in obfuscation. 

It’s unfortunate, but people who want to believe that global warming isn’t happening gravitate towards arguments like these.  It’s not really a logical argument, but rather just people seeking to justify belief in what they want to believe.  I think it’s better perhaps to just make a meta-argument: if global warming is just a figment of liberal’s imaginations, why aren’t there a lot of wackos out there trying to muddy the waters by casting doubt on “the scientific theory of global temperature stability or cooling.”   No one is trying to cast doubt on the theory of “global temperature stability” because there is no such theory… and no evidence that our climate is stable.  It’s getting hotter, and it’s likely to get a lot hotter unless we get serious and do something (actually a lot of somethings) about it. 

In conclusion, Doug is a great analyst of resource companies, and if you’re interested in investing in those companies, you will do well by giving him a read.  But he also has a political agenda, and his belief that government is always bad is, simply put, wrong.  I wish he and his buddies would stick to their knitting.

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Social ETFs and Clean Energy ETFs

Forbes ETFZone had an article today by Wil McClachy about socially conscious ETFs, with some comparison between iShare’s two social index ETFs, KLD and DSI, contrasted with PowerShares Cleantech and Clean Energy ETFs, PZD, and PBW.   This ties in well with my entry Green ETFs- How to Choose from last month by expanding the field to consider general social investing as well as just clean/alternative energy.  

I also discuss the new Clean Energy Index fund, CELS, in that blog entry; it is scheduled to launch next month.

Holding a broad portfolio is well worth doing, because the basic principle of diversification implies that most investors would be crazy to focus the entire stock portion of their portfolio into such a volatile sector as energy, let alone clean energy.  Even though I’m a strong believer in peak oil, and I feel that the peak may even have already passed, and economic recession in any large part of the world could lead to a fall in oil prices, which would hurt the biofuels sector.  In addition, there is a lot more to energy than just oil prices, and while peak gas and peak uranium may be near at hand, I don’t think anyone is arguing that we’re going to see peak coal soon. 

I agree with McClachy’s point that the extra expense of the Social index ETFs may not justify the additional expense (0.5% vs 0.1% for SPY)… the extra .4% might be better used (and better targeted) by a donation to your favorite charitable cause, but for many investors, it is deeply troubling to own firms that treat the environment, society, or their workers badly, and a donation to charity does not serve as sufficient absolution.  When working with clients, I try to find out the approach that suits them best; it is often a little of both.   Even though choosing SPY and a donation to charity might be the best financial move, it’s more important to do what makes you able to sleep at night, especially when we are talking about fractions of one percent. 

On the other hand, fractions of a percent should not be minimized.  If you had $100,000 to invest in either SPY or KLD, and choose to put the money in SPY, while keeping half of the savings in your account, and to donate the other half to a charity every year, and SPY were to increase 8% every year for 30 years, you would have donated over $25 thousand to charity in the interim, while and end up with over $57 thousand extra in your account after that time.

This is the real advantage of investments in alternative energy: the chance to have your cake and eat it, too.  Both rising energy prices due to peak oil/gas/uranium and the actions our governments take to combat global warming should increase the returns for alternative energy.  To some extent, this is already recognized by the investment community, and already priced in.  However, I feel that the effects of both have been grossly underestimated by most market participants, despite the recent surge of interest.  Over the long term, the seriousness of the situation we are in will become clear, and that will allow ethical investors in alternative to also be successful investors.  When it comes to social investing, I feel there is often a trade-off between loss of diversification and increased cost.  With investment in alternative energy, the trade-off is between increased risk and increased returns.   The increased risks of alternative energy arise from the small size and speculative nature of many (although not all) of the companies involved, and the concentration of ones’ assets in a sector.  But managing risk is what portfolio theory and asset selection are about; as is making wise trade-offs between risk and return.  To me, the case for alternative energy is compelling, the only real question is how much exposure (and volatility) the particular investor is prepared for, emotionally and financially.

 Another Social/Clean Energy ETF article: ETF Guide.

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Green ETFs – how to choose?

UPDATE: Jan 2009: Here’s a more recent look at the (now 13) available green energy exchange traded funds

In January, index investors will have a second Clean Energy Index fund to chose from. First Trust Advisors L.P. has licensed the NASDAQ Clean Edge U.S. Liquid Series Index, for clean-energy investors, in order to launch a new exchange traded fund (ETF).  (See full article on Renewable Energy Access.)

The new ETF will trade on NASDAQ as CELS, and joins the Powershares Wilderhill Clean Energy Portfolio,which trades on AMEX as PBW, and was launched in March of 2005, as well as Powershares’ recent launches of PowerShares Cleantech Portfolio (PZD) and PowerShares Progressive Energy Portfolio (PUW), and Market Vectors Environmental Services ETF (EVX).

 With so many new “Green” ETFs popping up,  Richard Kang rightly asks “At what point do we have so many ETF offerings that we call this an “ETF bubble”?” on SeekingAlpha.  I agree with him that we’re not there yet

For investors interested in clean energy, who do not have the time or expertise to pick stocks in the field, the question is which ETF to use, or should we use a little of each for diversification?

Criteria to consider are:

  1. Expense ratio.
  2. Index composition.
  3. Index weighting.
  4. Turnover
  5. Availability and liquidity of exchange traded options.

The ETF structure provides assurance that all are liquid; that is an investor can be reasonably assured of getting near the market price even for very large orders.

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